ANNA MEHLER PAPERNY, KIM MACKRAEL AND TIMOTHY APPLEBY
Sept. 12, 2012 – Globe and Mail
Mirrored shootings, a decade apart: Cases of mistaken identity, turf-war homicides and bystanders caught in crossfire between young black men with guns.
Police trace this year’s fatal shootings back to the same name at the heart of the biggest street-gang prosecution in Ontario history: the Galloway Boys.
Saturday, June 9, 2012 – Globe and Mail
ANNA MEHLER PAPERNY
Toronto’s organized crime is anything but.
The city’s gangs are smaller, their members more loosely organized than they were 20 years ago.
They’re also more lethal: The number of homicides classified as “gang-related” has risen since the 1990s. Last Saturday’s shooting at the Eaton Centre – while officially not gang-related in Toronto police lexicon – thrust into the limelight the sort of violence normally hidden in the city’s most blighted neighbourhoods.
The changes are driven by a combination of successful police crackdowns and deeper despair in the city’s poorest, increasingly isolated areas.
Interactive: Homicides, social housing and street crime in Toronto neighbourhoods